The State Council: promote urban development of waste incineration power generation, promote rural development of biomass energy

The State Council recently issued the Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Establishment and Improvement of a Green, Low-carbon and Circular Economic System (hereinafter referred to as the Guiding Opinions). The Guiding Opinions suggest that establishing and improving the green, low-carbon and circular economic system and promoting the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development are the fundamental solutions to China's resource, environmental and ecological problems. "Guidance", by 2035, the green development of endogenous power significantly enhanced, green industry to a new level of scale, key industries, key energy resource utilization efficiency of products reach the international advanced level, extensive form of green production way of life, after stability of carbon emissions to peak, a fundamental improvement in the ecological environment, beautiful China construction target basic implementation. The Guiding Opinions put forward relevant requirements for the development of biomass energy field: 1. Promoting green industrial upgrading. We will build bases for comprehensive utilization of resources and promote comprehensive utilization of industrial solid waste. (2) Accelerating green development of agriculture. We will develop ecological recycling agriculture, improve the utilization of livestock and poultry waste as resources, and promote the comprehensive utilization of crop stalks. (3) Promote green and low-carbon transformation of the energy system. We will increase the proportion of renewable energy used and develop biomass energy in light of local conditions. We will increase the supply of clean energy in rural areas and promote the development of biomass energy in rural areas. In northern counties, we will actively develop clean central heating by cogeneration of heat and power, and steadily promote biomass coupled heating. 4. Promote the construction and upgrading of urban environmental infrastructure. We will speed up the construction of facilities for treating urban household garbage, promote the incineration of household garbage for power generation, and reduce the number of domestic garbage disposed of in landfills. The Guiding Opinions put forward the construction of green supply chain. Industry associations are encouraged to improve the green level of industrial supply chains through the formulation of norms, consulting services, and industry self-discipline.

2021

03-12

An article to understand the market status, regional pattern and development prospects of China's biomass power generation industry in 2021

Since the beginning of the 21st century, my country’s energy security and environmental and ecological protection issues have become increasingly severe. Renewable energy has become an important part of the energy development strategy and an important development direction of the energy transition. According to different fields of application of renewable energy, power system construction is undergoing structural changes, and renewable energy power generation has begun to become the mainstream of power supply construction. Biomass power generation technology is one of the most common and effective methods in the current application of biomass energy. 1. Overview of the biomass power generation industry chain Biomass is the most widespread substance on earth, including all animals, plants and microorganisms, as well as many substances derived, excreted and metabolized by these living substances. Biomass power generation is the use of biomass energy in biomass to generate power, which is a type of renewable energy power generation. Biomass power generation is divided into agriculture and forestry biomass power generation, waste incineration power generation and biogas power generation. Biomass power generation technology is currently one of the most common and effective methods in the application of biomass energy. In developed countries such as Europe and the United States, biomass power generation has formed a very mature industry and has become an important method of power generation and heating in some countries. 2. The state vigorously develops biomass power generation investment in biomass power generation continues to grow Biomass energy is an important renewable energy source. The development and utilization of biomass energy is an important part of the energy production and consumption revolution, as well as an important task for improving environmental quality and developing a circular economy. In order to promote the distributed development and utilization of biomass energy, expand the market scale, improve the industrial system, and accelerate the development of the specialized and diversified industrialization of biomass energy. Biomass power generation is the main form of biomass energy utilization. In recent years, in order to promote biomass power generation, the state has issued a series of biomass energy utilization policies, including the "13th Five-Year Plan for Biomass Energy Development" and National Forestry Biomass Energy Development Plan (2011-2020), etc., and accelerate its development through direct financial subsidies. According to the data, the budget arrangement of the national renewable energy electricity price subsidy fund in 2019, the biomass power generation subsidy budget amounts to 4.2 billion yuan; in 2020, the biomass energy power generation subsidy will be 5.341 billion yuan in the expenditure of the renewable energy electricity price supplementary income arrangement. The implementation of biomass power generation subsidies in 2020 is expected to be better than in 2019, driving the actual subsidy amount to be higher than 2019. Driven by national policies and financial subsidies, my country's biomass power generation investment has continued to grow. Data show that in 2019, the scale of my country's biomass power generation investment exceeded 150.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.3%, and nearly doubled compared with 2012. In terms of investment projects, as of the end of 2019, there had been 1094 mass energy power generation projects nationwide, an increase of 192 over 2018 and an increase of 439 over 2016. Among them, there are 374 agricultural and forestry biomass power generation projects. 3. China's biomass installed capacity and power generation maintain a steady growth momentum, and the proportion of renewable energy power generation continues to grow Driven by the country’s vigorous encouragement and support for the development of renewable energy, the enthusiasm for investment in biomass power generation, and the construction and commissioning of various biomass power generation projects, my country’s biomass power generation technology industry has shown an overall accelerated development trend. According to data from the National Energy Administration, in 2019, biomass power generation installed 4.73 million kilowatts, and the cumulative installed capacity reached 22.54 million kilowatts, an increase of 26.6%; the annual biomass power generation was 111.1 billion kilowatt-hours, an increase of 20.4% year-on-year, continuing to maintain steady Growth momentum. As of the end of 2020, China’s newly installed biomass power generation capacity reached 5.43 million kilowatts, and the cumulative installed capacity reached 29.52 million kilowatts, an increase of 22.6% year-on-year; biomass power generation reached 132.6 billion kilowatt-hours, an increase of 19.4% year-on-year, continuing to maintain a steady growth momentum. With the rapid dev

2021

03-14

Helping "carbon peak and carbon neutrality", biomass power generation has great potential

At present, the blueprint of the "14th Five-Year Plan" has been drawn up. What role will biomass power generation play in the process of achieving "carbon peak and carbon neutrality" and rural revitalization? Zhu Jianjun, deputy general manager of National Energy Bio-Power Group Co., Ltd., explained his views. Question: The biomass power generation that most people remember most may be straw power generation. However, many technological breakthroughs have been made in biomass power generation. Could you please introduce the basic situation of biomass power generation by the State Grid Corporation of China. Answer: Guoneng Bio-Power Group Co., Ltd. is a specialized company under the State Grid Comprehensive Energy Service Group Co., Ltd. engaged in comprehensive energy development and utilization in counties and biomass energy utilization. It is also the world's largest biomass power generation group and national agricultural industrialization. Leading enterprise. By the end of 2020, the installed capacity of biomass direct-fired power generation reached 1.136 million kilowatts, with an annual power generation capacity of 8.6 billion kWh; a biomass natural gas and bio-organic fertilizer project is under construction, with an annual output of 11 million cubic meters of high-quality bio-natural gas. National Energy Biosciences adheres to the development model that combines technological innovation and industrialization development, introduces advanced biofuel combustion technology, researches and masters core biomass power generation technologies with independent intellectual property rights, and explores combustion adjustment technologies suitable for the characteristics of my country's biomass. After more than 10 years of development, National Energy Biosciences has explored a comprehensive resource utilization development path that integrates national leadership, central enterprise responsibility, turning waste into treasure, green environmental protection, and energy security, and has created a "three-industry integration" ( The highly industrialized industry in agriculture, the modern agricultural industry in industry, and the service industry directly serving "agriculture, rural areas and farmers") are eco-environmental protection energy brands. Question: This year's government work report proposed that in order to achieve "carbon peak and carbon neutrality" as soon as possible, it is necessary to promote the development and application of new energy-saving and environmentally-friendly technologies, equipment and products, and foster and expand the energy-saving and environmental protection industries. Biomass power generation is a very important link in energy conservation and environmental protection. What can your industry do to achieve the goal of "carbon peak and carbon neutrality"? Answer: In recent years, green, low-carbon, and energy-saving have become the mainstream trend of social development. The county's comprehensive energy service industry based on the comprehensive utilization of agricultural and forestry wastes has the characteristics of industry and agriculture complementarity, conforms to the rural revitalization strategy and the goal of "carbon peak and carbon neutrality", and is of great significance to promote local economic and social development and rich farmers to benefit farmers. During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, National Energy Bio-Bio will focus on developing the comprehensive energy service market in counties, fully satisfying the energy demand for county economic development, exploring the construction of "electricity, heating, cooling, gas, and fertilizer" comprehensive energy stations; developing a comprehensive waste utilization market , Based on the comprehensive treatment of crop straw, livestock manure, food waste, agricultural product waste and other garbage, and provide comprehensive energy supply services. Guoneng Bio has an installed capacity of more than one million kilowatts of biomass power generation. It is in a leading position in China in terms of scale and development quality, and has a certain first-mover advantage. In the future, National Energy Bio-Bio will target the huge comprehensive energy service market in the county, expand its business with biomass energy and other core areas, and explore the key path of the comprehensive energy revolution in the county. Question: In the process of rural revitalization, the company proposed to fully improve the level of rural electrification, promote rural clean energy construction projects, in-depth development of "power supply + energy efficiency services", vigorously promote electric energy substitution, and accelerate the construction of rural new energy vehicle charging facilities. In this field, what role can biomass power generation play? Answer: Biomass energy has the characteristics of green, low-carbon, clean, and renewable. Biomass is mainly used for power generation. While consuming a larg

2021

03-19

Biomass power generation - China's installed biomass power generation capacity ranks first in the world for three consecutive years

Biomass power generation - China's installed biomass power generation capacity ranks first in the world for three consecutive years China's cumulative grid-connected installed capacity for biomass power generation reached 29.52 million kilowatts by the end of 2020, ranking first in the world for the third consecutive year, according to a report on the development of China's biomass power industry released by the Biomass Energy Branch of the China Association for Industrial Development. According to the report, China will add 5.43 million kilowatts of biomass power generation in 2020, generating 132.6 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually, and generating 112.2 billion kilowatt-hours of online electricity annually. By the end of 2020, the installed capacity of biomass power generation accounted for 3.2 percent of China's total installed capacity of renewable energy, and the share of electricity generation reached 6.0 percent. In 2020, China's top five provinces in terms of cumulative installed capacity of biomass power generation are Shandong, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui, with installed capacity of 3.655 million KW, 2.824 million KW, 2.42 million KW, 2.41 million KW and 2.138 million KW, respectively. The top five newly installed provinces were Shandong, Henan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Guangdong, with 677GW, 646GW, 417GW, 389GW and 360GW, respectively. In 2020, China's newly installed power generation capacity from waste incineration reached 3.11 million kilowatts, with a cumulative installed capacity of 15.33 million kilowatts. According to the report, the volume of domestic garbage removal and the rate of harmless disposal have continued to grow, and the demand for waste incineration is also increasing. In order to meet the demand of domestic waste consumption by waste incineration, the amount of waste incineration will continue to grow as the market of waste incineration for power generation moves from the eastern region to the central and western regions and towns. In agricultural and forestry biomass power generation, 2.17 million kilowatts of installed capacity will be added by 2020, bringing the total installed capacity to 13.3 million kilowatts. According to the report, since 2018, the number of hours spent on agricultural and forestry biomass power generation projects has declined year by year due to continued arrears in subsidies for renewable energy. Statistics show that in 2019, there were 188 projects using more than 5,000 hours, with a total installed capacity of 5.26 million kilowatts. The report judged that about half of the country's projects were still operating normally under the pressure of arrears in electricity subsidy payments. In particular, the Report emphasizes that the development of China's biomass power generation industry is still facing huge challenges. There is still regional imbalance in the development of waste incineration power generation. The NIMBY problem caused by environmental emissions is still prominent, and the industry relies too much on electricity price subsidies under the background of low waste treatment fees. In addition, the unreasonable distribution of agricultural and forestry biological power generation in local areas still exists, the supply of raw materials is difficult to guarantee, and the upgrading and transformation of some power generation projects is difficult in the process of transformation to cogeneration of heat and power. According to the report, during the 14th Five-Year Plan period, China's new capacity of agricultural and forestry biomass power generation will reach 3.7 million kilowatts, and the total installed capacity will reach 17 million kilowatts. The new capacity of waste incineration power generation will reach 6.7 million kilowatts, and the total installed capacity is expected to reach 22 million kilowatts.

2021

05-04

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